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GOAT ANTI PIG IgA FITC

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[#ABS1042] GOAT ANTI PIG IgA FITC

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(1) Electrochemical immunosensor for the diagnosis of celiac disease.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :19250919
Publication Date : //
A novel electrochemical immunosensing strategy for the detection of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) in human serum is presented. The proposed immunosensor consists of the immobilization by physical adsorption of tTG from guinea pig liver on graphite-epoxy composite (GEC) electrodes. After the reaction with the human serum (containing the specific antibodies in the case of celiac disease), the electrode was incubated with different kinds of secondary labeled antibodies, namely, horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated goat antibodies to human whole immunoglobulins (Igs), to human IgG, and finally to human IgA. Among the different classes of antibodies in human serum toward tTG, the best results were achieved when anti-tTG IgA antibodies were investigated. In total, 10 positive and 10 negative serum samples were processed, obtaining a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 100% compared with the commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method performed in a hospital laboratory. This strategy offers great promise for a simple, cost-effective, and user-friendly analytical method that allows point-of-care diagnosis of celiac disease.

Authors : Pividori M I, Lermo A, Bonanni A, Alegret S, del Valle M,



(2) A novel method for detecting IgA endomysial antibodies by using human umbilical vein endothelial cells.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :10656209
Publication Date : //
Although tissue transglutaminase was recently identified as the main autoantigen recognized by endomysial antibodies in coeliac patients, anti-endomysium antibody detection still persists as the gold standard for coeliac disease screening and diagnosis.

Authors : Castellino F, Scaglione N, Grosso S B, Sategna-Guidetti C,



(3) Human anti-animal antibody interferences in immunological assays.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :10388468
Publication Date : //
The scope and significance of human anti-animal antibody interference in immunological assays is reviewed with an emphasis on human anti-animal immunoglobulins, particularly human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMAs).

Authors : Kricka L J,



(4) Antibody binding to endothelial and epithelial antigens triggers pig-to-rabbit xenograft rejection and its absence results in atypical complement deposition.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :14621812
Publication Date : //
In pig-to-rabbit kidney xenograft (PRKX), endothelial antigen determinants (EAD) are immediately recognized by IgG and IgA, while IgM does not react with them. The purpose of this study was to investigate the different roles of IgG, IgA, IgM, and complement in the hyperacute rejection of a PRKX model. Nine isolated Landrace pig kidneys were each perfused with 10 ml normal New Zealand rabbit serum. Perfusates (serum A) were collected after discarding the first 0.5 ml. Serum A and rabbit complement were then incubated for 30 min with frozen sections of normal pig kidney. After washing with buffer solution all the specimens were treated for immunohistochemistry. Three frozen sections of normal Landrace pig kidney and three samples of normal New Zealand rabbit serum were used as controls. Immunohistochemical analysis of the nine perfused kidneys demonstrated IgG, IgA and C3 deposition on the peritubular and glomerular vascular endothelium. No IgM reactivity was shown. In the frozen sections exposed to serum A, immunofluorescence showed minimal IgG, IgA and C3 reactivity while IgM deposition was clearly evident on the tubular epithelium. Immunofluorescence of frozen sections exposed to rabbit complement, done by fluorescein-labeled goat anti-rabbit C3 antibodies were positive only in the glomerular endothelium. The same rabbit complement was active in antibody dependent cytotoxicity on human T cells. Our results indicated that in the PRKX model, IgG and IgA acted as preformed antibodies recognizing endothelial EAD. IgM did not bind to any endothelial molecules, but recognized antigens located on the brush border of the tubular epithelium. Furthermore, in this model, absence of antigen-antibody complexes resulted in atypical complement deposition.

Authors : Marino I R, Celli S, Ferla G, Doyle H R, Maggiano N, Zetti G, Musiani P,



(5) Specificity of rheumatoid factors in relation to the disease state in rheumatoid arthritis.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :2241264
Publication Date : //
Rheumatoid factors found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis react with human IgG and with IgG from some other species. The levels of rheumatoid factor give some indication of prognosis, albeit a rather poor one in this highly variable disease. The high degree of variability may, in part, be due to differences in the fine specificity of the rheumatoid factor in each individual patient, leading to differences in the types of immune complex formed. To study this hypothesis the fine specificity of rheumatoid factors of the IgM, IgA, and IgG classes for IgG from human, baboon, orangutan, macaque, owl monkey, gorilla, marmoset, cow, pig, sheep, goat, horse, mouse, and chicken was examined. Differential reactivity for these species was found and associations between the presence of rheumatoid factor and the development of moderate or severe erosions.

Authors : Jones M G, Shipley M E, Hearn J P, Hay F C,



(6) Identification and characterization of a hapten-modifiable TEPC 15 cross-reactive idiotype in swine.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :2417108
Publication Date : //
Rabbits and swine immunized with TEPC 15 IgA, goats immunized with T15-positive IgM and swine immunized with affinity-pure swine anti-phosphorylcholine (PC) all produce antibodies which recognize a hapten-inhibitable idiotypic determinant on swine anti-PC. The similarity in reactivity and order of inhibitability with various PC analogs of the heterologous (swine anti-TEPC 15) and isologous (swine anti-swine anti-PC) reagents indicates that they recognize a related idiotype and suggest it may be the predominant idiotype expressed on swine anti-PC antibodies. The heterologous and isologous anti-idiotypic reagents generated in this study recognize swine and mouse anti-PC but not normal swine IgM, IgG or MOPC 460. Only reactions with swine anti-PC and mouse T15-positive anti-PC proteins are hapten-inhibitable. The greater inhibitory capacity of trimethylammonium and acetylcholine than PC suggests that the idiotope(s) recognized on swine anti-PC by the anti-idiotypic reagents is integral rather than peripheral to the anti-PC binding site. The nearly exclusive IgM anti-PC response of swine to Streptococcus pneumoniae R36A and PC-Brucella have so far hindered attempts to study the isotypic distribution of the idiotype.

Authors : Butler J E, Cambier J C, Klobasa F,



(7) Human antibodies to bovine alpha-globulin.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :49305
Publication Date : //
Antibodies to bovine gamma-globulin (anti-BGG antibodies) were detectable by a radio-immunoassay in 70% of healthy blood donors but, generally, the titres were low. Significantly increased concentrations of anti-BGG antibodies were found in patients lacking IgA but not in patients with allergic disorders. The anti-BGG antibodies were shown to give rise to falsely high IgE values in the radio-immunosorbent test for IgE determination (RIST) when a sheep anti-IgE antiserum was used. Furthermore, falsely positive results can sometimes be caused by such antibodies in the determination of cow-dander- or cow's-milk-specific IgE by the radio-allergosorbent test (RAST). When a rabbit anti-IgE antiserum was used instead of the sheep anti-IgE, normal IgE levels and negative RAST results were obtained. The difference is explained by the higher degree of cross-reactivity between the anti-BGG antibodies and sheep alpha-globulin than between anti-BGG antibodies and rabbit alpha-globulin.

Authors : Foucard T, Bennich H, Johansson S G, Lundkvist U,



(8) Detection of alpha, kappa and lambda chains in mammalian immunoglobulins using fowl antisera to human IgA.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :4999913
Publication Date : //

Authors : Orlans E, Feinstein A,