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IgG,Calmodulin (clone J4D8)

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[#35082] IgG,Calmodulin (clone J4D8)

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(1) Tubulin is a neuronal target of autoantibodies in Sydenham's chorea.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :17513792
Publication Date : //
Sydenham's chorea is a CNS disorder and sequela of group A streptococcal infection where deposition of Abs in brain may result in movement and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. We studied human mAbs 24.3.1, 31.1.1, and 37.2.1 derived from chorea and selected for cross-reactivity with group A streptococci and brain Ags. Our novel findings reveal that Sydenham's chorea mAbs target a 55-kDa brain protein with an N-terminal amino acid sequence of MREIVHLQ corresponding to beta-tubulin. Chorea mAb specificity for purified brain tubulin was confirmed in ELISA and Western immunoblot, and significant levels of anti-tubulin IgG were found in acute chorea sera and cerebrospinal fluid. Lysoganglioside G(M1) inhibited binding of chorea mAbs to tubulin and mAb reactivity with human caudate and putamen brain sections was blocked by anti-tubulin mAb. The chorea mAbs labeled both intra- and extracellular Ags of a neuronal cell line providing evidence suggesting mimicry between intracellular brain protein tubulin and extracellular lysoganglioside. In addition, chorea mAb 24.3.1 and acute chorea sera induced calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II activity in human neuronal cells. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the chorea mAb V(H) genes revealed that mAb 24.3.1 V(H) gene was encoded by the V(H)1 germline gene family which encodes other anti-ganglioside V(H) genes associated with motor neuropathies. mAb recognition of tubulin and the neuronal cell surface with initiation of cell signaling and dopamine release supports an emerging theme in autoimmunity whereby cross-reactive or polyreactive autoantibodies against intracellular Ags recognize cell surface epitopes potentially leading to disease.

Authors : Kirvan Christine A, Cox Carol J, Swedo Susan E, Cunningham Madeleine W,



(2) CD94/NKG2-A inhibitory complex blocks CD16-triggered Syk and extracellular regulated kinase activation, leading to cytotoxic function of human NK cells.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :10358164
Publication Date : //
The CD94/NKG2-A complex is the inhibitory receptor for the nonclassical MHC class I molecule HLA-E on human NK cells. Here we studied the molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory activity of CD94/NKG2-A on NK cell functions by analyzing its interference on CD16-initiated signaling pathways involved in the control of cytolytic activity. Both tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of Syk kinase together with tyrosine phosphorylation of CD16 receptor zeta subunit are markedly inhibited by the coengagement of CD94/NKG2-A complex. As a downstream consequence, CD94/NKG2-A cross-linking impairs the CD16-induced activation of extracellular regulated kinases (ERKs), a pathway involved in NK cytotoxic function. The block of ERK activation is exerted at an early, PTK-dependent stage in the events leading to p21ras activation, as the CD16-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc adaptor protein and the formation of Shc/Grb-2 complex are abrogated by CD94/NKG2-A simultaneous engagement. Our observations indicate that CD94/NKG2-A inhibits the CD16-triggered activation of two signaling pathways involved in the cytotoxic activity of NK cells. They thus provide molecular evidence to explain the inhibitory function of CD94/NKG2-A receptor on NK effector functions.

Authors : Palmieri G, Tullio V, Zingoni A, Piccoli M, Frati L, Lopez-Botet M, Santoni A,



(3) Cloning from the thyroid of a protein related to actin binding protein that is recognized by Graves disease immunoglobulins.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :8327473
Publication Date : //
Human actin binding protein (ABP) links specific membrane glycoproteins to cytoskeletal actin microfilaments. In human platelets and leukocytes, ABP directly links, respectively, the membrane glycoproteins GPIb and the high-affinity Fc receptor for IgG (Fc gamma IR) to cytoskeletal actin microfilaments. Similar interaction between the thyrotropin (TSH) receptor and ABP in endocrine cells might explain the rapid and profound disruption of actin microfilaments induced by TSH in cultured thyroid follicular cells. By screening a thyroid lambda gt11 cDNA expression library with serum from a Graves disease patient, we identified a clone encoding a protein, designated truncated ABP (TABP), that shares extensive homology (approximately 70%) with ABP. TABP is a truncated ABP-like protein with an open reading frame of 195 aa that encodes a protein of approximately 21 kDa. TABP lacks an actin binding domain but contains two predicted beta-sheet repeats within which is a putative dimerization domain and between which lies a putative glycoprotein binding site containing a consensus site for phosphorylation by Ca(2+)-calmodulin kinase II. TABP contains a unique C-terminal insertion within which lies a hydrophobic predicted membrane-associated region, absent from ABP. Although TABP mRNA is expressed widely, immunoblot analysis demonstrated the presence of TABP antibodies specifically in the sera of a minority of subjects with autoimmune thyroid disease. A 24-residue sequence of similarity was identified between the TSH receptor and platelet glycoprotein GPIb alpha that may represent a transmembrane ABP binding site. We suggest, therefore, that signal transduction by TSH in the thyroid involves direct linkage of the TSH receptor to actin microfilaments by ABP and that TABP may interact with ABP to mediate TSH-induced actin microfilament disruption.

Authors : Leedman P J, Faulkner-Jones B, Cram D S, Harrison P J, West J, O'Brien E, Simpson R, Coppel R L, Harrison L C,



(4) Development of specific human mab's by a small scale electrofusion technique: the influence of some physical and chemical factors on hybridoma yield of human peripheral blood lymphocytes XCB-F7 fusions.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :2788981
Publication Date : //
A fusion chamber and an appropriate procedure are described which allow to fuse a sample of 15 to 25 microliters of cell suspension every two minutes. The cells can be observed throughout the process. They are not exposed to mechanical stress after the fusion pulse. Electrofusion between the heteromyeloma line CB-F7 and human mononuclear cells from peripheral blood of immunized donors is shown to provide stable hybridomas producing IgG against tetanustoxin. Pronase treatment, calmodulin, PEG, lanthanum and a number of variations in the fusion conditions were investigated as to whether they influence physical fusion of the cells, hybridoma yield, and immunoglobulin production.

Authors : Glaser R W, Jahn S, Grunow R,



(5) Production of monoclonal antibodies against calmodulin by in vitro immunization of spleen cells.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :6833395
Publication Date : //
Monoclonal antibodies against the highly conserved ubiquitous calcium-binding protein, calmodulin (CaM), were produced by immunization of mouse primary spleen cell cultures. Dissociated spleen cells were cultured for 5 d in the presence of mixed thymocyte culture conditioned media (TCM) and purified bovine testes CaM (50 ng-1 mg). Following immunization, cells were fused with mouse myeloma cells (SP2/0, Ag 8.653) and cultured for 2-3 wk before initial screening for antibody. In five independent immunizations there was a range of 25-44% of the initial polyclonal cultures which produced antibodies reacting with purified CaM as determined by immunoassay. 80% of the cloned hybridoma produced IgM immunoglobulins while the remaining clones were IgG producers. This ratio was changed to 50% IgM and 50% IgG by subsequent extension of the in vitro immunization periods and reduced amounts of antigen and extended in vitro culturing. In vitro immunization introduces a new dimension to monoclonal antibody production where limited antigen or poorly antigenic proteins are of interest. The monoclonal antibodies produced in this study have enabled us to to selectively localize CaM in association with distinct subcellular structures, mitochondria, stress fibers, centrioles, and the mitotic spindle.

Authors : Pardue R L, Brady R C, Perry G W, Dedman J R,