Free Shipping on orders over 50$

British Pound Sterling - GBP Euro - EUR US Dollar - USD (EUR)

Welcom to Gentaur Biotech Products!


Be the first to review this product

Availability: In stock


Quick Overview



Product Tags

Use spaces to separate tags. Use single quotes (') for phrases.

(1) X-Box Binding Protein-1 Dependent Plasma Cell Responses Limit the Development of Atherosclerosis.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28620068
Publication Date : //
Diverse B cell responses and functions may be involved in atherosclerosis. Protective antibody responses, such as those against oxidized lipid epitopes, are thought to mainly derive from T cell-independent innate B cell subsets. In contrast, both pathogenic and protective roles have been associated with T cell-dependent antibodies, and their importance in both humans and mouse models is still unclear.

Authors : Sage Andrew P, Nus Meritxell, Bagchi Chakraborty Jayashree, Tsiantoulas Dimitrios, Newland Stephen A, Finigan Alison J, Masters Leanne, Binder Christoph J, Mallat Ziad,

(2) Generation of Monoclonal Antibodies against Immunoglobulin Proteins of the Domestic Ferret ().[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28286781
Publication Date : //
The domestic ferret () serves as an animal model for the study of several viruses that cause human disease, most notably influenza. Despite the importance of this animal model, characterization of the immune response by flow cytometry (FCM) is severely hampered due to the limited number of commercially available reagents. To begin to address this unmet need and to facilitate more in-depth study of ferret B cells including the identification of antibody-secreting cells, eight unique murine monoclonal antibodies (mAb) with specificity for ferret immunoglobulin (Ig) were generated using conventional B cell hybridoma technology. These mAb were screened for reactivity against ferret peripheral blood mononuclear cells by FCM and demonstrate specificity for CD79 B cells. Several of these mAb are specific for the light chain of surface B cell receptor (BCR) and enable segregation of kappa and lambda B cells. Additionally, a mAb that yielded surface staining of nearly all surface BCR positive cells (, pan ferret Ig) was generated. Collectively, these MF-Ig mAb offer advancement compared to the existing portfolio of polyclonal anti-ferret Ig detection reagents and should be applicable to a wide array of immunologic assays including the identification of antibody-secreting cells by FCM.

Authors : Kirchenbaum Greg A, Ross Ted M,

(3) Rewired NFκB signaling as a potentially actionable feature of activated B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27526684
Publication Date : //
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of aggressive lymphoma in the Western world and remains a clinical challenge. Two types of DLBCL are distinguishable, namely a germinal center B-cell-like phenotype (GCB) and an activated B-cell-like phenotype (ABC). Particularly ABC-DLBCL is difficult to treat, as this subentity typically displays resistance against frontline chemo-immune therapy. Through the availability of novel experimental technologies, such as next-generation sequencing and cutting-edge mouse models, we recently caught an unprecedentedly detailed glimpse at the genomic and biological features of ABC-DLBCL. Currently, a picture is emerging which suggests that ABC-DLBCL critically depends on sustained activity of the NFκB pathway, which, among others, is achieved through numerous distinct genetic aberrations, including CD79A/B-, CARD11-, and MYD88 mutations. Further genomic aberrations include amplifications of BCL2 and inactivating mutations in PRMD1. These molecular insights have spurred the development of novel autochthonous mouse models that faithfully mimic the biology and genetics of human ABC-DLBCL and could serve as preclinical platforms in future experiments. Furthermore, our genomic understanding of the disease now enables us to develop and validate novel targeted therapeutic intervention strategies that aim at decapitating non-physiological NFκB activity and repressing anti-apoptotic BCL2 signaling. In this review, we highlight these recent developments and make suggestions for further tool development and the design and stratification of future clinical trials.

Authors : Knittel Gero, Liedgens Paul, Korovkina Darya, Pallasch Christian P, Reinhardt Hans Christian,

(4) A novel canine B-cell leukaemia cell line. Establishment, characterisation and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27506920
Publication Date : //
We established a new B-cell leukaemia cell line CLB70 from a dog with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. This cell line is positive for CD20, CD45, CD79a, MHC class II, IgG, IgM; weakly positive for CD21; and negative for CD3, CD4, CD5, CD8, CD14, CD34, CD117. PCR for antigen receptor gene rearrangement (PARR) analysis revealed a biclonal immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene rearrangement and negative result for TCRγ. Western blot analysis of anti- and pro-apoptotic proteins showed increased expression of Bcl-2, Mcl-1, NF-kB, and Ras, and decreased expression of p53. CLB70 cells grow rapidly in vitro and are tumourigenic in nude mice. The CLB70 line is highly sensitive to doxorubicin, less sensitive to etoposide and imatinib, and resistant to piroxicam, celecoxib and dexamethasone. Our results indicate that CLB70 cells are derived from mature B-cells and they may be a useful tool for the development of new therapeutic strategies for both dogs and humans.

Authors : Pawlak A, Ziolo E, Kutkowska J, Blazejczyk A, Wietrzyk J, Krupa A, Hildebrand W, Dziegiel P, Dzimira S, Obminska-Mrukowicz B, Strzadala L, Rapak A,

(5) Rehabilitation or the death penalty: autoimmune B cells in the dock.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :25639261
Publication Date : //
CD20-based monoclonal antibodies have become established as treatments for lymphoma, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, vasculitis and dermatomyositis, with the principle therapeutic mechanism relating to B-cell depletion through effector cell engagement. An article by Brühl et al. in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology [Eur. J. Immunol. 2015. 45: 705-715] reveals a fundamentally distinct mechanism of silencing autoimmune B-cell responses. Rather than B-cell depletion, the authors use anti-CD79b antibodies to induce B-cell tolerance and suppress humoral immune responses against collagen to prevent the development of arthritis in mice. Here we highlight the differences in the mechanisms used by anti-CD20 and anti-CD79b Ab therapy and discuss why depletion of B cells may not be required to treat autoimmune arthritis and other B-cell-associated pathologies.

Authors : Dahal Lekh N, Cragg Mark S,

(6) De novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with a CD20 immunohistochemistry-positive and flow cytometry-negative phenotype: molecular mechanisms and correlation with rituximab sensitivity.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :24147568
Publication Date : //
CD20 is expressed in most B-cell lymphomas and is a critical molecular target of rituximab. Some B-cell lymphomas show aberrant CD20 expression, and rituximab use in these patients is controversial. Here we show both the molecular mechanisms and the clinical significance of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) that show a CD20 immunohistochemistry (IHC)-positive and flow cytometry (FCM)- negative (IHC[+]/FCM[-]) phenotype. Both IHC and FCM using anti-CD20 antibodies L26 and B1, respectively, were analyzed in 37 of the 106 cases of de novo DLBCL; 8 (22%) of these cases were CD79a(+)/CD20(+) with IHC and CD19(+)/CD20(-) with FCM. CD20 (MS4A1) mRNA expression was significantly lower in IHC(+)/FCM(-) cells than in IHC(+)/FCM(+) cells (P = 0.0005). No genetic mutations were detected in MS4A1 promoter and coding regions. Rituximab-mediated cytotoxicity in the CDC assay using IHC(+)/FCM(-) primary cells was significantly lower than in IHC(+)/FCM(+) cells (P < 0.05); however, partial effectiveness was confirmed. FCM using rituximab detected CD20 more efficiently than B1. No significant difference was observed between IHC(+)/FCM(-) and IHC(+)/FCM(+) patients in overall survival (P = 0.664). Thus, lower expression of CD20 mRNA is critical for the CD20 IHC(+)/FCM(-) phenotype. Lower CD20 expression with FCM does not rule out rituximab use in these patients if expression is confirmed with IHC. FCM using rituximab may be more informative than B1 for predicting rituximab effectiveness in IHC(+)/FCM(-) cases.

Authors : Tokunaga Takashi, Tomita Akihiro, Sugimoto Keiki, Shimada Kazuyuki, Iriyama Chisako, Hirose Tatsuya, Shirahata-Adachi Mizuho, Suzuki Yasuhiro, Mizuno Hiroki, Kiyoi Hitoshi, Asano Naoko, Nakamura Shigeo, Kinoshita Tomohiro, Naoe Tomoki,

(7) Cloning of a hamster anti-mouse CD79B antibody sequences and identification of a new hamster immunoglobulin lambda constant IGLC gene region.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :23558558
Publication Date : //
Anti-CD79 antibodies have been effective at targeting B cell lymphoma cells and depleting B cells in animal models. In order to engineer recombinant antibodies with additional effector functions in mice, we cloned and sequenced the full-length cDNAs of the heavy and light chain of a hamster anti-mouse CD79B antibody. Although hamster antibodies represent a unique source of monoclonal antibodies against mouse, rat, and human antigens, sequence information of hamster immunoglobulins (IG) is sparse. Here, we report a new hamster (Cricetulus migratorius) IG lambda constant (IGLC) gene region that is most homologous to mouse IGLC2 and IGLC3.

Authors : Haggart Ryan, Perera Jason, Huang Haochu,

(8) B cell depletion therapy exacerbates murine primary biliary cirrhosis.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :21274873
Publication Date : //
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is considered a model autoimmune disease due to the clinical homogeneity of patients and the classic hallmark of antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs). Indeed, the presence of AMAs represents the most highly directed and specific autoantibody in autoimmune diseases. However, the contribution of B cells to the pathogenesis of PBC is unclear. Therefore, although AMAs appear to interact with the biliary cell apotope and contribute to biliary pathology, there is no correlation of disease severity and titer of AMAs. The recent development of well-characterized monoclonal antibodies specific for the B cell populations, anti-CD20 and anti-CD79, and the development of a well-defined xenobiotic-induced model of autoimmune cholangitis prompted us to use these reagents and the model to address the contribution of B cells in the pathogenesis of murine PBC. Prior to the induction of autoimmune cholangitis, mice were treated with either anti-CD20, anti-CD79, or isotype-matched control monoclonal antibody and followed for B cell development, the appearance of AMAs, liver pathology, and cytokine production. Results of the studies reported herein show that the in vivo depletion of B cells using either anti-CD20 or anti-CD79 led to the development of a more severe form of cholangitis than observed in control mice, which is in contrast with results from several other autoimmune models that have documented an important therapeutic role of B cell-specific depletion. Anti-CD20/CD79-treated mice had increased liver T cell infiltrates and higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines.

Authors : Dhirapong Amy, Lleo Ana, Yang Guo-Xiang, Tsuneyama Koichi, Dunn Robert, Kehry Marilyn, Packard Thomas A, Cambier John C, Liu Fu-Tong, Lindor Keith, Coppel Ross L, Ansari Aftab A, Gershwin M Eric,

(9) In vivo effects of targeting CD79b with antibodies and antibody-drug conjugates.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :19808977
Publication Date : //
Antibodies directed against B cells are in use for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and autoimmune disorders. The B-cell-restricted surface antigen CD79b, a signaling component of the B-cell receptor, has been shown as a promising antibody target in mouse efficacy models of systemic lupus erythematosus. Anti-CD79b antibody-drug conjugates (ADC), cytotoxic drugs linked through specialized chemical linkers to antibodies, are effective in mouse xenograft models of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We were interested in evaluating the systemic effects of anti-CD79b antibodies and ADCs in normal animals as a step toward the development of these molecules as therapeutics. As we were unable to identify any cell surface binding anti-human CD79b antibodies that were cross-reactive to other species, we developed an antibody to cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) CD79b (anti-cyCD79b). The anti-cynomolgus antibody, anti-cyCD79b (10D10), and the maytansine (tubulin inhibitor)-conjugated ADC, anti-cyCD79b (10D10)-MCC-DM1, were administered to cynomolgus monkeys at approximately 30 mg/kg (6,000 microg DM1/m(2)) for two doses 3 weeks apart. Anti-cyCD79b and anti-cyCD79b-MCC-DM1 resulted in peripheral blood B-cell depletion of approximately 65% and approximately 94%, respectively. In addition, anti-cyCD79b-MCC-DM1 resulted in near-complete absence of splenic germinal centers, an observation supporting an effect on dividing B cells. Both molecules were well tolerated, with minimal findings for the antibody and findings for the ADC limited to the lymphoid and hematopoietic systems, liver, and peripheral nerves. These preclinical data suggest that targeting CD79b with antibodies or ADCs may provide safe and effective therapies for B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases.

Authors : Zheng Bing, Fuji Reina N, Elkins Kristi, Yu Shang-Fan, Fuh Franklin K, Chuh Josefa, Tan Christine, Hongo Jo-Anne, Raab Helga, Kozak Katherine R, Williams Marna, McDorman Elena, Eaton Dan, Ebens Allen, Polson Andrew G,

(10) Therapeutic potential of an anti-CD79b antibody-drug conjugate, anti-CD79b-vc-MMAE, for the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :19633198
Publication Date : //
Here we describe the generation of an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) consisting of a humanized anti-CD79b antibody that is conjugated to monomethylauristatin E (MMAE) through engineered cysteines (THIOMABs) by a protease cleavable linker. By using flow cytometry, we detected the surface expression of CD79b in almost all non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients, suggesting that anti-CD79b-vcMMAE could be widely used in these malignancies. By using NHL cell lines to simulate a patient population we discovered that a minimal cell-surface expression level of CD79b was required for in vitro activity. Within the subpopulation of cell lines above this minimal threshold, we found that sensitivity to free MMAE, mutation of cancer genes, and cell doubling time were poorly correlated with in vitro activity; however, the expression level of BCL-XL was correlated with reduced sensitivity to anti-CD79b-vcMMAE. This observation was supported by in vivo data showing that a Bcl-2 family inhibitor, ABT-263, strikingly enhanced the activity of anti-CD79b-vcMMAE. Furthermore, anti-CD79b-vcMMAE was significantly more effective than a standard-of-care regimen, R-CHOP (ie, rituximab with a single intravenous injection of 30 mg/kg cyclophosphamide, 2.475 mg/kg doxorubicin, 0.375 mg/kg vincristine, and oral dosing of 0.15 mg/kg prednisone once a day for 5 days), in 3 xenograft models of NHL. Together, these data suggest that anti-CD79b-vcMMAE could be broadly efficacious for the treatment of NHL.

Authors : Dornan David, Bennett Fiona, Chen Yvonne, Dennis Mark, Eaton Dan, Elkins Kristi, French Dorothy, Go Mary Ann T, Jack Andrew, Junutula Jagath R, Koeppen Hartmut, Lau Jeffrey, McBride Jacqueline, Rawstron Andy, Shi Xiaoyan, Yu Nancy, Yu Shang-Fan, Yue Peng, Zheng Bing, Ebens Allen, Polson Andrew G,